Page 3 - Terminology-Naturopathy
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defenses. It uses yoga positions to apply pressure to the
                                 A                             Adaptogen: A nontoxic substance and especially a plant
                                                               extract that is held to increase the body’s ability to resist
                                                               the damaging effects of stress and promote or restore
                                                               normal physiological functioning. In 1958, I.I. Brekhman,
                                                               a Russian holistic medical doctor, and his colleague I.V.
        Abortifacient: An abortifacient – that which will cause a   Dardymov, established the following definition of an
        miscarriage, from Latin: abortus “miscarriage” and faciens   adaptogen: It “must be innocuous and cause minimal
        “making”, is a substance that induces abortion.        disorders in the physiological functions of an organism,
        Abrasion: An abraded area where the skin is torn or worn   it must have a nonspecific action, and it usually has a
        off.                                                   normalizing action irrespective of the direction of the
                                                               pathological state.” Adaptogens may act on serum glucose,
        Acquired: a condition or disease that arises after birth.  leukocytes, temperature, blood pressure or pulse by
                                                               increasing or decreasing the substance of interest. A well-
        Active reflex points: reflex points that are tender,   known example is ginseng.
        indicating that its associated organ or structure is not
        functioning properly.                                  Adaptogenic: Generating a substance that balances the
                                                               body, particularly when the body is under stress, by either
        Active release techniques (ART): A comprehensive       stimulating or relaxing.
        method of Soft Tissue Treatment to help such conditions
        as Carpal Tunnel, Sports Injuries, Headache Relief,    Adjuvant: Aiding the action of a medicinal agent.
        Occupational Health, Industrial Injury, using protocols
        in a combination of examination and treatment. The ART   Adrenaline: The hormone that produces the “fight or
        specialist uses his or her hands to evaluate the texture,   flight” response, increasing heart rate and blood pressure.
        tightness and movement of muscles, fascia, tendons,    Also called epinephrine.
        ligaments and nerves during treatment. Abnormal tissues   Aetheroleum: Refers to the essential or volatile oil as a
        are treated by combining precisely directed tension with   distinct aromatic product obtained from the plant.
        very specific patient movements.
                                                               Affirmative prayer: Is a form of prayer or a metaphysical
        Acu-points: in traditional Chinese medicine, it is believed   technique that is focused on a positive outcome rather
        that there are points found all over the body and on   than a negative situation. For example, a person who is
        channels called meridians (which connect corresponding   experiencing some form of illness would focus the prayer
        body parts and organs). Stimulating these points is thought   on the desired state of perfect health and affirm this desired
        to have numerous health benefits to the whole body, as a   intention “as if already happened” rather than identifying
        treatment and as a preventative measure.               the illness and then asking God for help to eliminate it.

        Acupressure: Based on the principles of acupuncture,   New Thought spirituality originated during the 1880s and
        this ancient Chinese technique involves using finger   has emphasized affirmative prayer as an essential part of its
        pressure on specific points along the body to treat    philosophy. Practitioners among the various New Thought
        ailments.                                              denominations such as Religious Science, Divine Science
                                                               and Unity may also refer to this form of prayer by such
        Acupuncture: A family of procedures involving          names as “scientific prayer,” “spiritual mind treatment” or,
        stimulation of anatomical points on the body by a variety of  simply, “treatment.”
        techniques. American practices of acupuncture incorporate
        medical traditions from China, Japan, Korea, and other   Aflatoxin: A fungal toxin which is a powerful liver
        countries. The acupuncture technique that has been most   carcinogen. It is produced by Aspergillus flavus and A.
        scientifically studied involves penetrating the skin with   parasiticus, which grow easily on legumes, grains, and
        thin, solid, metallic needles that are manipulated by the   peanuts which are inappropriately stored in warm, humid
        hands or by electrical stimulation.                    conditions.

        Acu-yoga: combining yoga and acupressure for the       African traditional medicine: See Traditional African
        purposes of healing and stimulating the body’s natural   medicine.

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